# SOLVED:Assignment #2: BMP Image Processing Solution

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## Description

Through this programming assignment, the students will learn to do the following:

1. Learn to read and write binary files.

2. Gain more experience with using pointers.

3. Gain more experience with dynamic memory allocation and deallocation.

In this assignment, you are asked to manipulate image from a 24-bit uncompressed bmp file. (The format of bmp files is given in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BMP_file_format). To help with reading and writing the image file, you are given library functions and an example that deal with the bmp file (in a zip file on my faculty website). In the example, the image is flipped horizontally. You are asked to implement the enlarge() and rotate() functions: the former is used to enlarge the image by an integer scale factor; the latter is to rotate the image either clockwise or counter-clockwise by a certain degree (which must be a multiple of 90) depending whether the rotation degree is positive or negative.

The program should take the follow command-line options:

% bmptool [-s scale | -r degree | -f ] [-o output_file] [input_file]

Where -s means to scale the image by the given ‘scale’ (a positive integer: 1, 2, 3, …), -r means to rotate the image by ‘degree’ (which must be a multiple of 90, clockwise if positive, counter-clockwise if negative), and -f means to flip the image horizontally. You can assume for each type (-s, -r, or -f), the command line has at most one option. That is, the user is not supposed to do something like “./bmptool -s 2 -s 4”. If that happens, you can either prompt error, or take either 2 or 4 as the scale. However, the user may present a combination, say, ‘./bmptool -r 90 -s 4’. If multiple option types are present, the order for processing the image is that you do scale first, then rotate, and then flip.

You are required to use getopt() to process the command-line. If ‘-o output_file’ is missing, use standard output. If ‘input_file’ is missing, use standard input. The options to use standard input or standard output will only be used when chaining commands.

Make sure the program returns 0 on success. In that case, one can ‘chain’ the commands using pipes, like:

% bmptool -s 4 1.bmp | bmptool -r -90 | bmptool -f -o 2.bmp

Your program needs to provide necessary sanity-check for command line arguments and handle various error conditions and prompt the user with helpful information. You need to use getopt() to process the command line arguments. Test your program with various combinations to make sure it works as expected. You must use dynamic memory to store the content of the new image before writing out to file. You need to reclaim memory afterwards to prevent from memory leaks.