Task: For this homework, you will write a class called Date, in the files date.h and date.cpp, for creating and using objects that will store valid dates of the year.
This class should be portable, so it should work with any up-to-date C++ compiler. Make sure that it works with g++ on linprog before you hand it in. You should write some test programs of your own to test the functionality of the class.
Program Details and Requirements:
1) An object of type Date should represent a calendar date in terms of month, day, and year, as on a 12-month A.D. calendar. The valid months are January through December, a valid day must correspond to a valid day for the given month, and the year must be a positive number. Your object should also store a format setting, to be used for display of dates to the screen. There will be more than one possible format. The class features (public interface) should work exactly as specified, regardless of what program might be using Date objects.
Note: For purposes of easy input (from keyboard or into functions), date values will be specified with integers. Month values will be 1 for January, 2 for February, etc… on to 12 for December. A valid day value will be an integer between 1 and the number of days in the month. Valid year values are positive numbers.
2) Your Date class must provide the following services (i.e. member functions) in its public section. These functions will make up the interface of the Date class. Make sure you use function prototypes as specified here. (You may write any other private functions you feel necessary, but the public interface must include all the functionality described here).
The Date class should have a constructor that allows the user to specify the values for the month, day, and year, using integer values, when the object is declared. If any of the values would result in an invalid date, the constructor should throw out the erroneous information and initialize the object to represent 1/1/2000 (January 1, 2000) instead. Also, you should allow a Date object to be declared without specified values, in which case it should initialize to 1/1/2000 also.
Examples: These declarations should be legal, and the comment gives the initialized date
Date d1; // initializes to Jan 1, 2000
Date d2(3,4,1992); // initializes to March 4, 1992
Date d3(13,30,1990); // invalid month, initializes to Jan 1, 2000 instead.
This function should prompt the user to enter a date, and then allow the user to input a date from the keyboard. User input is expected to be in the format month/day/year, where month, day, and year are integer values. Whenever the user attempts to enter an invalid date, the Input function should display an appropriate error message (like “Invalid date. Try again: “) and make the user re-enter the whole date. A few examples of some good and bad inputs:
Legal: 1/4/2000 , 2/28/1996 , 12/31/1845
Illegal: 13/12/1985 , 11/31/2002 , 8/30/-2000
You may assume that the user entry will always be of the form:
M/D/Y where M, D, and Y are integers, and the slash characters are always present.
This function should simply output the date to the screen. There will be more than one possible format for this output, however, and your class will need to store a format setting. The Show function should use the format setting to determine the output. (There will be a member function that allows the setting to be changed). When a Date object is created, the format setting should start out at the “Default” setting. The possible formats are shown in the following table:
This will look like the input from the Input function.
Print the month, day, and year as integer values.
Fixed size format, in which the month, day, and year values are always 2 digits
Some values may need to be padded with a leading zero, and year values always show the low 2 digits.
month D, Y
Oct 4, 1998
This display format should show the abbreviated month name, then the day, and the full year. Month abbreviations are Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, June, July, Aug, Sept, Oct, Nov, and Dec
bool Set(int m, int d, int y)
This function should set the date to the specified values (the first parameter represents the month, the second represents the day, and the third represents the year). If the resulting date is an invalid date, the operation should abort (i.e. the existing stored date should not be changed). This function should return true for success and false for failure (i.e. invalid date sent in).
These are “accessor” functions, and they should return the month, day, and year, respectively, to the caller.
bool SetFormat(char f)
This function allows the caller to change the format setting. The setting should be adjusted inside the object based on the character code passed in. This means that future uses of the Show function will display in this given format until the format is changed. The valid setting codes that can be passed in are:
‘D’ = Default format
‘T’ = Two-Digit format
‘L’ = Long format
If an invalid setting code is passed in, do not alter the current format setting. This function should return true for successful format change, and false for failure (invalid setting given).
void Increment(int numDays = 1)
This function should move the date forward by the number of calendar days given in the argument. Default value on the parameter is 1 day. Examples:
Date d1(10, 31, 1998); // Oct 31, 1998
Date d2(6, 29, 1950); // June 29, 1950
d1.Increment(); // d1 is now Nov 1, 1998
d2.Increment(5); // d2 is now July 4, 1950
int Compare(const Date& d)
This function should compare two Date objects (the calling object and the parameter), and should return: -1 if the calling object comes first chronologically, 0 if the objects are the same date, and 1 if the parameter object comes first chronologically. The function should not change either object. Example:
Date d1(12,25,2003); // Dec 25, 2003
Date d2(5,18,2002); // May 18, 2002
d1.Compare(d2); // returns 1 (since d2 comes first)
d2.Compare(d1); // returns -1 (calling object is d2, comes first)
3) General Requirements:
all member data of the Date class must be private.
The const qualifier should be used on any member functions where it is appropriate
the only libraries that may be used in these class files are <iostream, <iomanip, and <string. Note that you may use the string class to store the words like “Jaunary”, etc. Although this class can easily be written without using class string
Do not use any C++-11 only features.Note that there are some <string class functions that are C++-11 only. They are not needed for this task.
You can easily see which ones are which by looking at the library references at www.cplusplus.com
You only need to do error-checking that is specified in the descriptions above. If something is not specified (e.g. user entering a letter where a number is expected), you may assume that part of the input will be appropriate.
user input and/or screen output should only be done where described (i.e. do not add in extraneous input/output).
no global variables, other than constants
You are not required to handle leap years in this class. You may make the general assumption that a year always has 365 days.
If you change formatting properties of the cout stream object from inside a member function, you MUST put it back the way it was when your function started. i.e. you do not want to mess up anybody else’s outputs — like that of a “main()” function that is calling your features. See this special notes page for details on how to do this:Output Stream Formatting — Addendum
A) Make your Date class handle leap years, wherever appropriate. Remember that a leap year has one extra day in it (Feb. 29), and the rule for leap years is as follows: A year is a leap year if it is divisible by 4, except for century years (years ending in 00). A century year is a leap year only if it is divisible by 400. (For instance, 2000 is a leap year, but 1900 is not).
B) The Julian Day for a calendar year is defined as the number of the day in the calendar year. There are 365 days in a regular calendar year, so each day is numbered in order (1 – 365). For instance, January 15 has a Julian date of 15, and February 10 has a Julian date of 41. Add in one more formatting code (‘J’, for Julian Date), to be allowed by the SetFormat function. This setting should result in the output of a date in the Julian Date format, which should look like this: YY-JJJ. The Julian Day will always be printed as a 3-digit number, and the year as a 2-digit number (last two digits). Examples:
Feb 1, 1998 would print as: 98-032
May 17, 2002 would print as: 02-137
Note: If you do both extra credit parts, the Julian Date must handle leap years as well.
Testing Your Class:
You will need to test your class, which means you will need to write one or more main programs that will call upon the functionality (i.e. the public member functions) of the class and exercise all of the different cases for each function. You do not need to turn any test programs in, but you should write them to verify your class’ features. Here is the beginning of a sample test program to get you started. Note – this one does not exercise every possible test case — it is your job to test your class thoroughly.