# 5DV005 Lab6 Solved

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Problem 1 Copy rintmwe1 into /lab6/work/l6p1.m and adapt it to the problem of computing the integral

numerically using the trapezoidal rule.

1. What evidence do you find to support support the conjecture that there exist an asymptotic error expansion of the form

T âˆ’ Ah = Î±hp + Î²hq + O(hr),Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â  0 < p < q < r.

1. Based on the numerical evidence, what is a reasonable value of p?
2. Based on the numerical evidence, what is a reasonable value of q?
3. What is the smallest value of k for which the integral can be computed with a relative error less than Ï„ = 10âˆ’6?

You must explain why your error estimate is reliable!

1. Compute the exact value of the integral and include this information in l6p2.
2. Is the behavior of Richardsonâ€™s fraction related to the quality of Richardsonâ€™s error estimate?

Problem 2Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â  rintmwe1.m into /work/l6p2.m and adapt it to the problem of com-

puting the integral

using the trapezoidal rule as your approximation Ah.

1. What evidence do you find to support support the conjecture that there exist an asymptotic error expansion of the form

T âˆ’ Ah = Î±hp + Î²hq + O(hr),Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â  0 < p < q < r.

1. Based on the numerical evidence, what is a reasonable value of p?
2. Based on the numerical evidence, what is a reasonable value of q?
3. What is the smallest value of k for which the integral can be computed with a relative error less than Ï„ = 10âˆ’6?

You must explain why your error estimate is reliable

1. Compute the exact value of the integral and include this information in l6p1. Hint: It is quite easy to compute the integral if you make a drawing of the graph first.
2. Is the behavior of Richardsonâ€™s fraction related to the quality of Richardsonâ€™s error estimate?

Problem 3Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â  rintmwe1.m into /work/l6p3.m and adapt it to the problem of com-

puting the integral

using the trapezoidal rule as your approximation Ah.

1. What evidence do you find to support support the conjecture that there exist an asymptotic error expansion of the form

T âˆ’ Ah = Î±hp + Î²hq + O(hr),Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â  0 < p < q < r.

1. Based on the numerical evidence, what is a reasonable value of p? 3. Based on the numerical evidence, what is a reasonable value of q?
2. Why is Richardsonâ€™s fraction not close to 2p for small values of k?
3. Why is Richardsonâ€™s fraction not close to 2p for very large values of k?.
4. What is the smallest value of k for which the integral can be computed with a relative error less than Ï„ = 10âˆ’6?

You must explain why your error estimate is reliable!

Problem 4 rdifmwe1 into /work/l6p4.m and adapt it to the problem of computing the the target T = f0(x), where f is you favorite differentiable function and x is your favorite real number using the mysterious rule

where Ah is your favorite rule for computing f0(x) which obeys an asymptotic error expansion of the form

T âˆ’ Ah = Î±hp + Î²hq + O(hr),Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â  0 < p < q < r.

1. What evidence can you uncover that suggests that Mh obeys an asymptotic error expansion of the form

T âˆ’ Mh = Â¯Î±hq + Î²hÂ¯ r + O(hs),Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â  0 < q < r < s.Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â  (1)

1. Based on your numerical evidence, what is a reasonable value of q? 3. Based on your numerical evidence, what is a reasonable value of r?
2. Include the exact value of the derivative of f in the script.
3. Examine the relationship between Richardsonâ€™s fraction and the quality of the error estimate.

# 1Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â  Concluding remarks

1. You will find that quality of the error estimate improves even after the computed value of Richardsonâ€™s fractions have start to deviate from the expected pattern. This happens from time to time, but it is not something you can count on.
2. If you return an approximation without an error estimate or an error bound, then you work is incomplete.
3. If you return an error bound or an error estimate without explaining why it is reliable, then your work is incomplete.
• lab6-bxje01.zip